Mutual Funds

What is Mutual Fund?

A mutual fund is simply a financial intermediary that allows a group of investors to pool their money together with a predetermined investment objective.

The mutual fund will have a fund manager who is responsible for investing the pooled money into specific securities (usually stocks or bonds).

Mutual funds are one of the best investments ever created because they are very cost efficient and very easy to invest in (you don’t have to figure out which stocks or bonds to buy).

How it Works?

A mutual fund is a collection of stocks, bonds, or other securities owned by a group of investors and managed by a professional investment company. For an individual investor, having a diversified portfolio is difficult. Mutual funds helps the individual investors to invest in equity and debt securities simultaneously. When investors invest a particular amount in mutual funds, he becomes the unit holder of corresponding units. In turn, mutual funds invest unit holders’ money in stocks, bonds or other securities that earn interest or dividend. This money is distributed to the unit holders. If the fund gets money by selling some stocks at higher price the unit holders are liable to get the capital gains.

Advantages of Mutual Fund


Buying a mutual fund is easy! The minimum investment is also very small. As little as Rs. 500 can be invested on a monthly basis. Just contact us to know more.

Economies of Scale

Because a mutual fund buys and sells large amounts of securities at a time, its transaction costs are lower than you as an individual would pay.


By owning "shares"(known as "units") in a mutual fund instead of owning individual stocks or bonds, your risk is spread out. The idea behind diversification is to invest in a number of assets so that a loss in any particular investment is minimized by gains in others. In other words, the more stocks and bonds you own, the less any one of them can hurt you.

Professional Management

The primary advantage of funds is the professional management of your money. Investors purchase funds because they do not have the time or the expertise to manage their own portfolio. A mutual fund is a relatively inexpensive way for a small investor to get a full-time manager to make and monitor the investments.

Types of Mutual Funds In India?

In India, mutual funds offer a wide variety of investment options to cater to different financial goals and risk appetites. Here are some of the common types of mutual funds available:

  1. Equity Funds: These funds primarily invest in stocks or equities, making them ideal for investors seeking long-term capital appreciation. There are various sub-categories of equity funds, including large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, and sector-specific funds.
  2. Debt Funds: Debt funds primarily invest in fixed-income securities like government and corporate bonds, making them suitable for conservative investors seeking steady income and capital preservation.
  3. Hybrid Funds: Also known as balanced funds, these combine both equity and debt instruments to provide a balanced portfolio. They cater to investors looking for a mix of capital appreciation and income generation.
  4. Index Funds: These funds aim to replicate the performance of a specific stock market index, such as the Nifty 50 or Sensex. They offer a cost-effective way to invest in the broader market.
  5. Liquid Funds: Liquid funds are low-risk debt funds that invest in very short-term money market instruments. They are suitable for investors looking for high liquidity and stable returns.
  6. Tax-Saving Funds (ELSS): Equity-Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS) are a type of equity mutual fund with a lock-in period of three years. Investments in ELSS funds are eligible for tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  7. Sectoral/Thematic Funds: These funds focus on specific sectors or themes like technology, healthcare, or infrastructure. They are suitable for investors who want to target a particular segment of the market.
  8. International Funds: These funds invest in overseas markets, allowing Indian investors to diversify their portfolios globally. They can be region-specific (e.g., U.S. Equity Fund) or global.
  9. Gilt Funds: Gilt funds invest in government securities, which are considered low-risk due to the sovereign guarantee. They are ideal for investors looking for safety and stable returns.
  10. Gold Funds: Gold funds invest in physical gold or gold-related instruments. They provide an opportunity to invest in gold without the need for physical storage.
  11. Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs): ETFs are market-traded funds that aim to replicate the performance of an underlying index, commodity, or asset. They provide liquidity and can be traded on stock exchanges like shares.
  12. Arbitrage Funds: These funds exploit price differentials in cash and derivatives markets to generate returns with relatively lower risk. They are considered low-volatility options.
  13. Dynamic Asset Allocation or Balanced Advantage Funds: These funds adjust their asset allocation between equity and debt based on market conditions, aiming to optimize returns while managing risk.

Investors should carefully consider their financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon when choosing the right type of mutual fund for their portfolio. Diversifying across different fund types can also help spread risk and achieve a well-balanced investment strategy.

Who can Invest in Mutual Funds?

Mutual funds are open to a broad spectrum of investors, including individuals, HUFs (Hindu Undivided Families), NRIs (Non-Resident Indians), trusts, and corporate entities. Anyone looking to grow their wealth and achieve financial objectives can invest in mutual funds.

How to Invest In Mutual Funds?

You can invest in mutual funds through various channels, including online platforms, mutual fund distributors, asset management companies, or directly through their websites. The process typically involves KYC (Know Your Customer) verification, selecting suitable funds based on your goals and risk tolerance, and then investing the desired amount. Online platforms have made investing in mutual funds quick and straightforward.